Week 4

Week 4 :

Tuesday, September 18

BRING A #2 XACTO KNIFE WITH YOU TO CLASS. Everyone will need their own - no sharing.

If you do not bring your own Xacto knife to class I will subtract 25 points from your next project grade. Email me if you have problems finding or buying one.


  • Today we continued our discussion about the perception of space - specifically negative space.
  • Using our image plane and small view finder, we went outside and found examples of interesting negative space.
  • We composed the negative space in our view finder in an interesting way and traced it using an Expo marker.
  • Then we transferred the negative space drawing to a piece of bond paper and used a pencil to solidify our the negative shapes in our composition (many people got confused and added lines from the "positive" space of the object they were drawing around).
  • Once we had identified all our negative shapes we transfered the drawing to our drawing pad and cut the negative shapes out of the paper using an Xacto knife. To avoid damaging the rest of the paper in our drawing pad, we put a stack of bond paper under the area we were cutting.
  • Finally we took a piece of brown paper and put it behind our cut-out composition so we could see the holes of our composition more clearly.
  • We did two different cut-out negative space drawings in our drawing pad in class.

課程概要: (Translated by Hannah)

  • 今天我們繼續了空間認知-特別是負空間的討論。
  • 我們走出了教室,用圖板和小觀景器找尋有趣的負空間例子。
  • 我們把觀景器內的負空間排成有趣的構圖,並把它用白板水筆勾勒出來。
  • 然後我們把圖板畫出的負空間畫到一張電腦白紙上,並用鉛筆加深且鞏固於構圖內負空間的形狀。(很多人搞湖塗了,在正空間內也畫上線條)
  • 當我們都肯定了所有的負空間形狀,就把它轉移到畫簿上,然後用xacto knife把負空間形狀都割出 來。別忘了在切割範圉下墊著一些白紙,以免割到了其他的畫紙。
  • 最後我們在割好的構圖下墊上一塊楬色的紙,以突出構圖上的洞。
  • 我們在課上要在畫簿裡做好了兩個不同的負空間切割圖。

Take a look at the following video. The drawing technique isn't particularly good, but it is a good example of negative space drawing. Their still-life setup has a lot of interesting negative space which helps.

Thursday, September 20

Continuation of Edges and Space. Bring all your drawing supplies.


  • We did a drawing of our shoes.
  • Using the view finder and pictures plane we first found a composition that had interesting negative shapes.
  • After drawing the negative shapes on our picture plane we filled in all the contour lines of the shoes on the picture plane.
  • Finally we transferred the drawing on the picture plane to our drawing pad, which was prepared with a graphite layer and the horizontal and vertical lines.
  • PRINCIPLE: when you compose a drawing it is important to consider the negative shapes that surround whatever object we are drawing. Interesting negative shapes are an important part of a successful drawing.

案由 (Translated by Google Translate)

  • 我們做了一個圖,我們的鞋。
  • 使用取景器和圖片的平面,我們首先發現組成,有趣負的形狀。
  • 在我們的畫面上繪製的負面形狀後,我們的鞋子在所有的輪廓線填充的圖像平面上。
  • 最後,我們轉到圖中的圖像平面上,我們的拉伸墊,製備與石墨層和所述的水平和垂直的線條。
  • 工作原理:當您撰寫繪圖重要的是要考慮其消極的形狀,環繞我們正在繪製的對象。有趣的的負形狀是一個重要組成部分,一個成功的圖。

In this composition the shoes are placed directly in the center creating fairly symmetrical negative space surrounding the shoes. The shoes are interesting to look at but the negative space is not. 

Here the shoes occupy more of the composition and start to divide up the negative space in more interesting and asymmetrical ways. The top and bottom spaces have no dividing line but the left shoe comes close to the left edge of the format which does create more of a division between the areas. 

In this composition the negative space is divided into four distinct shapes: two small, one medium and one large. There is nice variety in these negative shapes, which will make it more interesting to look at. 

You could also choose to do a horizontal composition. Similar to the first illustration above this composition places the shoes directly in the center at the same distance from each edge. This sameness is not the most interesting option. The negative space is also not separated into distinct or implied areas, it's just one big empty space. This also tends to not be a good compositional decision. 

Bringing the edge of the shoe closer to the edge helps to start dividing the negative space into more distinct areas, creating more interesting shapes.

Here is another configuration. Sometimes cropping is awkward. Even if it makes more interesting negative space, we also need to consider how the positive space looks.