Week 8 :
Tuesday, October 16
We will continue working on portrait in pairs. If you sat as a model last class you will draw this class.
- Two of the most common and consequential proportion mistakes people make when learning to draw portraits have to do with the placement of the eyes and ears: (See last weeks summary for an illustration.)
- 1. In profile view the distance from the back of the eyes to the back of the ear is the same as the eye level to the bottom of the chin.
- 2. The distance from the eye level to the chin is the same as the eye leve to the top of the head. So the eye line is directly in center between the top of the head and the chin.
- HOMEWORK: Look online to learn how to draw a sphere. Learn the different terms used to describe light and shadow. Look below for an example of a sphere and which things I want you to name. You will be quizzed on this information at the beginning of class on Thursday.
Oct 16 10月16日 (Translated by Google Translate)
What are these things?
Thursday, October 18
Today we will talk about the perception of light and dark.
QUIZ**** Come prepared to take a quiz on the four terms that you were asked to research for homework. Also come prepared to draw a sphere with light and shadow.
- The four light-and-dark perception terms I want you to be familiar with are: 1. Hightlight 2. Core Shadow 3. Reflected light 4. Cast Shadow
- The majority of class was spent drawing a red and green apple using the four kinds of perception we have discussed so far.
- It is important to remember to work "general to specific" when working with value. For example it is important to first establish the relationship between the over-all value of the red apple compared to the over-all value of the green apple. See the illustration below.
- HOMEWORK: Copy the portrait I handed out in class. Copy it upside down as we did with Picasso's drawing of Stravinsky. Start with a dark layer of graphite over your whole drawing and use an eraser to pull out the highlights.
- HOMEWORK: Draw a self portrait from observation (NOT from a photograph). Employ all the elements of light and dark that we discussed in class and used in the apple drawings. See the illustrations below for an in depth explaination.
Oct 18 10月8日 (Translated by Google Translate)
Perception of light and dark ("value"). These are the four terms I want you to be familiar with.
Drawing two apples:
Holding your picture plane very still, use an expo marker to mark each end of your "basic unit". Transfer your basic unit to your drawing. Put away your picture plane.
Then refine each element of your drawing with highlights, core shadow, reflected light and cast shadows. The apple stems, specular (almost-white small dots) highlights, and apple skin texture should be the very last things you draw. Remember "general to specific" you need to build the foundation of your drawing before the details will make sense.
HOMEWORK: Draw a self portrait. Follow these basic steps. Most of these steps should be very familiar to you by now.
1. Sit in a comfortable position in front of a mirror. The mirror should be no more than 2-3 feet (about 1 meter) away from you. Sit in a place where you have only one strong direct light source like a big window, or desk lamp. Dramatic lighting will give your features more dimension and it will be easier to see light and dark contrast.
2. Prop your drawing pad up on your lap, a table or back of a chair so it will be easy to look back and forth between the mirror and your drawing.
3. Prepare your drawing paper with the usual border, graphite layer and center lines we have been using in most of our drawings.
4. Hold your picture plane with view finder out in front of you and frame your whole face in an interesting composition. Remember to consider negative space, it should be interesting too. Make sure to include your whole head and a little bit of your shoulders so your head isn't floating. Fill the image area as much as possible with your portrait and not empty space.
5. Holding your picture plane still and mark a basic unit. Choose a measurement that makes sense to you and will be easy to use for sighting angles and proportions.
6. Transfer your basic unit to your drawing paper. If you drawing is larger than your view finder (as it should be) you will have to enlarge your basic unit accordingly to keep the same composition your framed with your view finder. (Email me if you still do not understand this step.)
7. Once you have established your basic unit on your drawing put your picture plane away and complete the drawing by observing yourself in the mirror. Remember the four elements we discussed in class: highlight, core shadow, reflected light, cast shadow. Also remember to establish general value relationships before you get to details.
HOMEWORK: Copy this portrait that I handed out in class. You can download and print it below if you lost your copy. Start by covering your drawing area with a dark layer of graphite and use your eraser to erase the highlights.
Copy the drawing UPSIDE-DOWN.
The following is a diagram of some general facial proportions that are common to most frontal portraits. Use it as a reference and to help give you ideas of what proportions to look for in your drawing. Do not copy these proportions because each human face will have slight differences.