Today was our second class working on the landscape painting.
Last class we worked just with light and dark (value) and no color. Today I wanted to give you an overview of how I think of mixing color. It was a lot of information. There a few key concepts you need to remember.
Color has three properties: hue, value and saturation. Hue refers to one of twelve colors on the color wheel. Every color (excluding the neutrals: black, white and grey) related to one of the twelve pure colors on the color wheel. It will help you keep things simple if you think only of those twelve color names. For example the hue of what we would normally refer to as "mustard" is yellow while "pink" has a red hue.
Next is value which we have discussed at greater length. It is how light or dark any given color is. If we take a black and white photograph of a color, what shade of grey, black or white would it be?
Finally saturation refers to how pure a color is. The twelve colors of the color wheel are completely saturated or pure. If a color is completely un-saturated it is a neutral and doesn't belong to any hue family. The neutrals are black, white and grey. The closer a color is to the pure colors of the color wheel, the more saturated it is. The closer a color gets to black, white or grey, the more unsaturated (or neutral) it is.
When mixing colors I start by identifying the hue of the color I am trying to replicate. If I'm not sure I try to get as close as I can. Next I adjust value and saturation.
I demonstrated this process at length in class, so I won't repeat that here. It will really be helpful to you if you familiarize yourself with these terms and try to see these three different attributes in the colors you see.
NEXT WEEK: we will continue refining the painting and finally get to the little details and textures that you wanted to paint on the first day.